The hottest packaging waste management law

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In order to protect the environment, save resources, promote the recycling of packaging waste and develop green packaging, the practice of countries around the world shows that the most effective way is to implement legislation and manage packaging resources by mandatory means. On the basis of the research on the national packaging waste restriction regulations and the international environmental management system ISO14000, this paper intends to put forward the framework opinions of China's "packaging waste management law", which can be used as a reference for the packaging industry and the indispensable decision-making departments for the development of new energy vehicles

in order to protect the environment, save resources, promote the recycling of packaging waste, and develop green packaging, the practice of countries around the world shows that the most effective way is to implement legislation and manage packaging resources by mandatory means

Germany, which attaches importance to environment and packaging, formulated the waste recycling and treatment act as early as 1986, and then passed the German packaging waste treatment act in 1996; Canada has made every effort to build an aerospace new material industry base and a national civil military integration demonstration base. In 1990, Canada promulgated the packaging protocol and Canada's preferred packaging regulations; In 1993, Austria and the Netherlands respectively adopted the federal waste management plan and the packaging covenant aimed at implementing waste management and reducing the consumption of packaging materials; France successively promulgated the "packaging regulations" and the "transport packaging regulations" in 1993 and 1994; The Japanese government also successively promulgated the "recycling regulations" and the "amendment to the waste removal regulations" for packaging in 1993 and later; In the United States, at the end of the 1980s, each state successively promulgated its own "packaging restriction regulations"; In 1994, on the basis of the regulations formulated by European countries, the European Community officially promulgated the directive on packaging and packaging waste, requiring all member countries to implement it uniformly The purpose of this act is to take a variety of measures to deal with packaging waste, focus on recycling and reuse, promote the institutionalization, technicalization and cleaning of production, use, recycling, treatment, recycling and utilization, and establish a circular economic system of production consumption recycling recycling utilization of packaging, so as to reduce the pollution of packaging waste to the environment, Save and reasonably use packaging resources


this act emphasizes the principle of "3R, 1D and product whole process management" of international popularity and reduction of packaging waste, namely:

1 Implement package reduction. Under the condition of meeting the functions of protection, convenience and sales, the packaging should be the appropriate packaging with the least consumption, which is the preferred measure for packaging to reduce waste

2. Packaging should be easy to recycle. The packaging must be non-toxic, harmless and reusable, or the waste can be recycled, and the raw materials can be returned to the raw materials

3. Packaging waste can be degraded. All non recyclable packaging waste should be able to decompose and decay by itself, not form permanent waste, and achieve the purpose of improving the soil through composting. Only those packages that can be reused, recycled or degraded can be allowed to enter the circulation market

4. In the whole life cycle of packaging products, that is, the whole life process from raw material collection, material processing, product manufacturing, product use, waste recycling and regeneration to final treatment, should not cause pollution to human body and environment


this act aims to achieve the following objectives:

1 Vigorously implement the reduction of packaging and reduce the amount of packaging waste. By the end of this century, the per capita amount of packaging waste should be controlled within 30kg, and an appropriate packaging accounting for 15% of the value of commodities should be advocated

2. By the end of this century, the recycling rate of packaging products should reach 43%. Among them, the packaging of paper products is 40%; 20% for plastic packaging; 50% for glass packaging; 60% for metal packaging. In addition to recycling and self degradation, the rest of packaging waste must be incinerated and buried

3. By the end of this century...

(1) limit the content of toxic heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, etc. in packaging materials and components such as inks, coatings, dyes, adhesives, stabilizers, etc., which shall not exceed 600ppm by the end of this century and 100ppm by 2005

(2) limit halogen and other dangerous substances in packaging materials; The use of chlorine bleached packaging materials is limited, and the content of PVC monomer in food packaging should be strictly controlled below 0.5ppm

(3) the inks, dyes, polishes and binders used in packaging should be transferred from solvents to water-based ones; It is forbidden to use toxic colored printing inks, including metal compounds such as gold, silver and copper. 58657 Clarify the management policy of "who pollutes, who treats, who packages, who is responsible for waste disposal". Packaging manufacturers must really take charge of the management of various environmental problems caused by their products and bear the direct economic expenses of waste disposal directly related to their products

2. Manufacturers and sellers have the obligation to recycle the used transportation packaging, and organize the waste disposal organization with high hardness and good wear resistance to implement reuse. (to be continued)

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